Learn Italian Ep.30 - The Italian Imperative Mood | l'Imperativo



How to Learn Imperative in Italian

Two Methods:

The goal of this article is not to substitute a serious course in Italian language. But to make interested people ready for such an endeavour. One of the first things you might need in a foreign language is to ask them to do something for you. This is a basic "How to" for that.

Steps

  1. Note that each Italian verb has four modes,
    • Infinitive (infinito).
    • Gerund (gerundio).
    • Present Participle (participio presente).
    • Past Participle (participio passato).
  2. Note that imperative usually addresses the second person (singular or plural).In Italian it could mean to address a third person (for instance, he should leave). Also it can be addressed to first person plural (that is, let's leave, as an example).
  3. Recognise that Italian verbs in infinitive forms terminate to these endings
    • are : Example,parlare(to talk)
      • They are called-areverbs.
    • ere : Example,vedere(to see)
      • They are called-ereverbs.
    • ire : Example,capire(to understand)
      • They are called-ireverbs.
  4. Recognise stem.When you drop an ending from a verb what that remains is said to be thestemof that verb. Hence,parl-,ved-, andcap- are stems of three mentioned example.
  5. Know division of Italian verbs into regular and irregular.
    • You cannot recognise irregular verbs from their stems or their endings.
    • Irregular verbs does not follow certain grammar rules to build different tenses, and participle out of them. They should be memorised and practiced until become skilled in using them.
      • For example,avere(to have) changes tohowhen you want to say, "I have" without any connection to its stem,av.
      • In contrast,parlare(to talk) becomesparlo(I talk) according to general rule to dropareand addoto stem to make the first person present tense. You can recognise that stem has been kept as it is in the infinitive.
  6. Use polite imperative.Most of the time the polite form of imperative is used. A foreignermustalways uses the polite form until he or she becomes fully fluent in Italian.
  7. Learn imperative for regular verbs.
    • Learn imperative for-areverbs.
      • Singular : drop ending addi. Example : parli
      • Plural : drop ending addino. Example : parlino
    • Learn imperative for-ereverbs.
      • Singular : drop ending adda. Example : rida
      • Plural : drop ending addano. Example : ridano
    • Learn imperative for-ireverbs.
      • Singular : drop ending adda. Example : parta
      • Plural : drop ending addano. Example : partano
    • Learn imperative for certain-ireverbs.
      • Singular : drop ending addiscthen adda. Example : capisca
      • Plural : drop ending addiscthen addano. Example : capiscano

Nonpolite Forms of Imperative

  1. Note that non-polite forms of second persons addressed by the "imperative" aretu(singular you) andvoi(plural you).
  2. Learn imperative for regular verbs.
    • Learn imperative for-areverbs.
      • Singular : drop ending adda. Example : (tu) parla
      • Plural : drop ending addate. Example : (voi) parlate
    • Learn imperative for-ereverbs.
      • Singular : drop ending addi. Example : (tu) ridi
      • Plural : drop ending addete. Example : (voi) ridete
    • Learn imperative for-ireverbs.
      • Singular : drop ending addi. Example : (tu) parti
      • Plural : drop ending addite. Example : (voi) partite
    • Learn imperative for certain-ireverbs.
      • Singular : drop ending addiscthen addi. Example : (tu) capisci
      • Plural : drop ending addithen addamo. Example : (voi) capiamo

Imperative First Person Plural

  1. Note that this is equivalent to "Let us" in English.English only adds this phrase to infinitive without to.
  2. Note also that this is easiest to learn.All are the same.
    • Learn imperative for-areverbs.
      • Drop ending addiamo. Example : (noi) parliamo
    • Learn imperative for-ereverbs.
      • Drop ending addiamo. Example : (noi) ridiamo
    • Learn imperative for-ireverbs.
      • Drop ending addiamo. Example : (noi) partiamo
  3. Follow the same pattern even forirregular verbs.For exampledare(to give) makesdiamo(let us give) oravere(to have) becomesabbiamo(let's have).

Community Q&A

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  • Question
    How would I turn the sentence "Parlare (noi) a lei" into the imperative form?
    wikiHow Contributor
    Community Answer
    In Italian, we don't have the imperative form for the pronoun noi (we). We only do the imperative form with tu (you) and voi (you). However, you can say "pargliamole" or "parliamo a lei."
    Thanks!
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Date: 05.12.2018, 19:57 / Views: 42185